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选购二手表叉车需要注意那些性能指标?

来源:/ 日期:2021-12-08 发布人:hangong

、额定起重量。

. rated lifting capacity.
货物至货叉前壁的距离不大于载荷距时,允许起升货物的重量,以吨表示。当货叉上的货物超出了规定的载荷距时,由于叉车纵向稳定性的限制,起重量相应减小。
When the distance from the goods to the front wall of the fork is not greater than the load distance, the weight of the goods allowed to be lifted is expressed in tons. When the goods on the fork exceed the specified load distance, the lifting capacity will be reduced due to the limitation of the longitudinal stability of the forklift.
2、载荷距。
2. Load distance.
在货叉上放置标准的货物时,其到货叉垂直段前壁的水平距离,以毫米表示。对于1-4吨的叉车规定载荷距为500mm。
When placing standard goods on the fork, the horizontal distance of the front wall of the vertical section of the arrival fork is expressed in mm. For 1-4t forklift, the specified load distance is 500mm.
3、起升高度。
3. Lifting height.
在平坦坚实的地面上,叉车满载、货物升至高位置时,货叉水平段的上表面离叉车所在水平地面的垂直距离。
On a flat and solid ground, when the forklift is fully loaded and the goods are raised to the high position, the vertical distance between the upper surface of the horizontal section of the forklift and the horizontal ground where the forklift is located.
4、门架倾角。
4. Gantry inclination.
无载的叉车在平坦坚实的地面上,门架相对其垂直位置向前或向后倾角。前倾角的作用是为了便于叉取和卸放货物;后倾角的作用是当叉车带货运行时,预防货物从货叉上滑落。一般前倾角为3-6°,后倾角为10-12°。
When the unloaded forklift is on a flat and solid ground, the gantry tilts forward or backward relative to its vertical position. The function of rake angle is to facilitate forking and unloading of goods; The function of caster angle is to prevent goods from sliding off the forklift when the forklift is running with goods. Generally, the rake angle is 3-6 ° and the caster angle is 10-12 °.
5、起升速度。
5. Lifting speed.
叉车满载时,货物起升的速度,以米/分表示。提高起升速度,可以提高作业效率,但起升速度过快,容易发生货损和机损事故。目前国内叉车的起升速度已提高到20m/min。
When the forklift is fully loaded, the lifting speed of goods is expressed in M / min. Increasing the lifting speed can improve the operation efficiency, but if the lifting speed is too fast, it is easy to cause cargo damage and machine damage accidents. At present, the lifting speed of domestic forklift has been increased to 20m / min.
6、高行驶速度。
6. High ground speed.
对于起重量为1吨的内燃叉车,其满载时高行驶速度不少于17m/min。
For an internal combustion forklift with a lifting capacity of 1 ton, its high driving speed at full load shall not be less than 17m / min.
7、小转弯半径。
7. Small turning radius.
叉车在无载低速行驶、打满方向盘转弯时,车体外侧和内侧至转弯的小距离,分别称为小外侧转弯半径和小内侧转弯半径。小外侧转弯半径愈小,则叉车转弯时需要的地面面积愈小,机动性愈好。
When the forklift is running at low speed without load and turning with full steering wheel, the small distance from the outside and inside of the vehicle body to the turning is called small outside turning radius and small inside turning radius respectively. The smaller the outside turning radius, the smaller the ground area required for forklift turning and the better the mobility.
8、小离地间隙。
8. Small ground clearance.
车轮以外,车体上固定的低点至地面的距离,它表示叉车无碰撞地越过地面凸起障碍物的能力。小离地间隙愈大,则叉车的通过性愈高。
The distance from the fixed low point on the vehicle body to the ground outside the wheel, which indicates the ability of the forklift to cross the raised obstacles on the ground without collision. The larger the small ground clearance, the higher the trafficability of the forklift.
9、轴距及轮距。
9. Wheelbase and wheelbase.
轴距是叉车前后桥线的水平距离。轮距是同一轴上左右轮的距离。加大轴距、有利于叉车的纵向稳定性,但使车身长度增加,小转弯半径加大。加大轮距,有利于叉车的横向稳定性,但会使车身总宽和小转弯半径增加。
The wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the front and rear axle lines of the forklift. The track width is the distance between the left and right wheels on the same axle. Increasing the wheelbase is conducive to the longitudinal stability of the forklift, but increases the body length and small turning radius. Increasing the track width is conducive to the lateral stability of the forklift, but it will increase the total width of the body and small turning radius.
10、直角通道小宽度。
10. Small width of right angle channel.
供叉车往返行驶成直角相交的通道的小宽度,愈小性能愈好。
The smaller the width of the passage at right angles for the forklift to travel back and forth, the better the performance.
11、堆垛通道小宽度。
11. Small width of stacking channel.
叉车在正常作业时,通道的小宽度。
The small width of the passage during normal operation of the forklift.
12、满载爬坡度。
12. Full load climbing slope.
叉车满载时,在干燥、坚实的路面上,以低速档行驶所能爬越的坡度。
When the forklift is fully loaded, the gradient that can be climbed by driving at low speed on a dry and solid road.
13、外形尺寸。
13. Overall dimensions.
叉车根据动力和结构的不同,分为很多种。
Forklifts are divided into many types according to their power and structure.

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