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为什么电动叉车比柴油叉车贵?

来源:/ 日期:2021-06-28 发布人:hangong

叉车根据性能发动机的不同可以分为:电动叉车和柴油叉车,购买叉车的朋友应该都会了解到电动叉车比柴油叉车要贵,那贵在那些原因呢?两者之间又有哪些区别?

Forklift can be divided into electric forklift and diesel forklift according to different engine performance. Friends who buy forklift should know that electric forklift is more expensive than diesel forklift. What are the reasons? What are the differences between the two?
柴油叉车采用的是发动机、变速箱作为动力源,而电动叉车采用的是电机、变速箱、电瓶和控制器作为基本动力机构。发动机经过多年发展,技术比较完善,国内售价也不高,而电动叉车大多数控制器都需要进口,蓄电池价格也比较昂贵,线路板价格也比柴油叉车的价格高,总体而言配件成本要远高于柴油叉车。
Diesel forklift uses engine and gearbox as power source, while Electric Forklift uses motor, gearbox, battery and controller as basic power mechanism. After years of development, the engine technology is relatively perfect, and the domestic price is not high. Most controllers of electric forklift need to be imported, and the price of battery is relatively expensive. The price of circuit board is also higher than that of diesel forklift. Generally speaking, the cost of accessories is much higher than that of diesel forklift.
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然而同一款产品产量越大,单个零部件采购成本就会下降很多,虽然电动叉车销量一直呈增长态势,但是根据两种叉车年销量相比,柴油叉车销量远高于电动叉车,分摊到各个生产厂家,柴油叉车可大批量生产,价格自然很低,而电动叉车很难实现大批量生产,加上工厂平时的日常开销、人员成本、设备损耗等影响,售价低是很难实现的。
However, the larger the output of the same product is, the lower the cost of purchasing a single part will be. Although the sales volume of electric forklift has been increasing, the sales volume of diesel forklift is much higher than that of electric forklift according to the annual sales volume of the two kinds of forklift. The diesel forklift can be produced in large quantities, and the price is naturally very low, while the electric forklift is difficult to achieve mass production, In addition to the daily expenses, personnel costs and equipment loss of the factory, it is difficult to realize the low price.
随着国家对环保要求的不断提升,未来柴油叉车市场需求量会逐渐减少,相反具有环保特点的电动叉车市场需求量必然会不断攀升。短期内虽然它的价格比较昂贵,但是由于维修成本低于柴油叉车,而且维护保养周期是柴油叉车的两到三倍,保养所需时间也比柴油叉车的少很多,可以很大程度上节省保养劳动力成本,有效缩短了叉车停机时间,有利于提高叉车的工作效率,提高经济效益,因此从整体而言,电动叉车更经济。
With the continuous improvement of national environmental protection requirements, the market demand of diesel forklift will gradually decrease in the future. On the contrary, the market demand of electric forklift with environmental protection characteristics will inevitably rise. Although its price is relatively expensive in the short term, because the maintenance cost is lower than that of the diesel forklift, and the maintenance cycle is two to three times that of the diesel forklift, the maintenance time is much less than that of the diesel forklift, which can greatly save the maintenance labor cost, effectively shorten the downtime of the forklift, and improve the work efficiency and economic benefits of the forklift, Therefore, on the whole, electric forklift is more economical.

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