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如何判断电动叉车零部件磨损?

来源:/ 日期:2021-02-22 发布人:hangong

当电动叉车进入到正式的工作状态中时,定期进行维修检查是一个重要阶段,在检查过程中,对磨损零件作出及时修复或更换,也是一项很为重要的工作。未及时给磨损严重的部件予以修换,就会影响电动叉车的使用性能,也不能保证修理质量。因此,为各种零件确定磨损极限标准作为判断是否应该修换的依据,便是一项十分关键事情。决定零件是否应该修换,不能单以零件尺寸精度、表面粗糙度、形位误差为依据,还要考虑零件磨损程度对电动叉车的整体性能影响。

When the electric forklift enters the formal working state, regular maintenance and inspection is an important stage. In the process of inspection, timely repair or replacement of worn parts is also a very important work. If the worn parts are not repaired and replaced in time, the performance of the electric forklift will be affected, and the repair quality can not be guaranteed. Therefore, it is a very important thing to determine the wear limit standard for various parts as the basis for judging whether they should be repaired or not. To decide whether the parts should be repaired or not, it is not only based on the dimensional accuracy, surface roughness, shape and position error of the parts, but also considering the influence of the wear degree of the parts on the overall performance of the electric forklift.
效率:当零件磨损时,就会致使效率降低。气缸部分发生磨损,会影响发动机效率,根据磨损具体情况决定是否对某些零件修换。
Efficiency: when the parts are worn, the efficiency will be reduced. The wear of the cylinder will affect the efficiency of the engine. According to the specific situation of the wear, it is decided whether to repair some parts.
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修复经济性:在保证修理质量的前提下,修理费用与修后使用寿命的比值低于换后新零件的制造(或外购)费用与换后新零件使用寿命比值。
Repair Economy: on the premise of ensuring repair quality, the ratio of repair cost to service life after repair is lower than the ratio of manufacturing (or outsourcing) cost to service life of new parts after replacement.
根据在电动叉车的维修过程中,以是否具有修复磨损零件的工艺技术能力和条件决定修复或更换。
According to the maintenance process of the electric forklift, whether it has the technological ability and conditions to repair the worn parts decides to repair or replace.
季件因磨摄而不能完成预定使用功能,比如:离合器丧失传递动力;液压件未达到预定压力;凸轮配气系统不能保持设置运动规律。若出现这些情况,就要及时对零部件予以更换或修复。
For example, the clutch loses power transmission; the hydraulic parts do not reach the predetermined pressure; the cam valve system can not maintain the set motion law. If these situations occur, it is necessary to replace or repair the parts in time.

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