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叉车倒车的操作技巧与要求有哪些?

来源:/ 日期:2020-07-31 发布人:hangong

1、叉车倒车驾驶的操作技巧

1. Operation skills of forklift truck reversing driving
1)叉车后倒时,应先查看车后情况,并选好倒车目标.
1) When the forklift truck is backward, check the situation behind the truck and select the reversing target
2)倒车时,可以注视后方倒车、注视侧边倒车、注视后视镜倒车.目标选择以叉车纵向中心线对准目标中心、叉车车身边线或车轮靠近目标边缘.
2) When reversing, you can look at the rear, the side and the rear-view mirror. The target selection is to align the target center with the longitudinal center line of the forklift truck, or the side line of the forklift truck body or the wheels close to the target edge
3)挂上倒档起步后,要控制好车速,注意周围情况,并随时修正方向.
3) After starting with reverse gear, control the speed, pay attention to the surrounding conditions and correct the direction at any time
2、叉车倒车驾驶操作要求
2. Operating requirements of forklift truck reversing driving
1)叉车倒车时,应先观察好周围环境,必要时应下车查看.
1) When reversing the forklift, you should first observe the surrounding environment and get off to check if necessary
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2)直线倒车时,应使后轮保持正直,修正时要少打少回.
2) When reversing in a straight line, the rear wheels should be kept straight. When correcting, the rear wheels should be turned back less
3)曲线倒车时,应先看清车后情况,在具备倒车条件下方可倒车.
3) When reversing on a curve, you should first see the situation behind the car, and then you can reverse when you have the conditions for reversing
4)倒车转弯时,在照顾全车动向的前提下,还要考虑到叉车后轮为轮向轮的特点,注意后内侧车轮及外轮向轮是否会驶出路外或碰及障碍物.在倒车过程中,内前轮应尽量靠近桩位或障碍物,以便及时修正方向避让障碍物.
4) When reversing and turning, on the premise of taking care of the trend of the whole vehicle, it is also necessary to consider the characteristics of the rear wheel of the forklift truck as the wheel direction wheel, and pay attention to whether the rear inner wheel and the outer wheel steering wheel will drive out of the road or touch the obstacles. In the process of reversing, the inner front wheel should be as close to the pile position or the obstacle as possible, so as to correct the direction and avoid the obstacles in time
温馨提示:
reminder:
1)叉车后倒时,应先查看车后情况,并选好倒车目标.
1) When the forklift truck is backward, check the situation behind the truck and select the reversing target
2)应特别注意外轮差,防止外后轮出线或刮碰障碍物.
2) Special attention should be paid to the difference between the outer wheels to prevent the outer rear wheels from leading out or scratching obstacles
3)曲线倒车时,外轮向轮尽量靠近外侧边线行驶,避免内侧刮碰或压线.
3) When reversing on a curve, the outer wheel should be driven as close as possible to the outer side line to avoid the inner side scratching or line pressing
4)转动方向盘、回方向盘的时机和速度.
4) The timing and speed of turning and returning the steering wheel

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