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导致叉车腐蚀和生锈的主要原因有哪些?

来源:/ 日期:2020-03-03 发布人:admin

  叉车是大多数工厂不可缺少的一部分,当然也会磨损。同时,腐蚀是叉车消耗的主要原因,现在来分析一下腐蚀和生锈的主要原因到底是什么?叉车可分为内燃式叉车和电动叉车。

  Forklift is an indispensable part of most factories, and it will wear out. At the same time, corrosion is the main cause of forklift consumption. Now let's analyze the main causes of corrosion and rust. Forklift can be divided into internal combustion forklift and electric forklift.
  内燃叉车主要用于港口、码头、工矿等场所。应用环境恶劣,特别是在港口和化工行业。受亚热带、湿热地区、海洋气候环境、工业废气、扬尘等因素的诱导作用,叉车各部件腐蚀损坏,腐蚀严重。而蓄电池叉车多用于仓库等室内场所,环境变化小,环境因素引起的腐蚀相对较轻。
  Internal combustion forklift is mainly used in ports, docks, industrial and mining areas. The application environment is bad, especially in port and chemical industry. Due to the inducement of subtropical zone, hot and humid area, marine climate environment, industrial waste gas, dust and other factors, all parts of forklift truck are severely corroded. The battery forklift is mostly used in indoor places such as warehouse, with small environmental change and relatively light corrosion caused by environmental factors.
  叉车内部的腐蚀环境,如燃烧的废气含有硫和氯离子引擎,酸雾和电池泄漏,压力引起的振动和冲击工作期间,和局部损伤引起的冲突和碰撞,也腐蚀的主要原因损坏的叉车部件。
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  The corrosive environment inside the forklift, such as the burning exhaust gas containing sulfur and chloride ion engine, acid mist and battery leakage, pressure induced vibration and impact during work, conflicts and collisions with local damage, also the main cause of corrosion damaged forklift components.
  金属腐蚀的主要机理是原始金属转化为金属氧化物,形成生锈、损坏甚至无法修复、报废的结构件或部件。而油漆、橡胶、玻璃纤维等非金属材料老化,首先是受环境诱导作用,使聚合物结构受到攻击、降解、溶解等物理化学变化,导致外观和功能下降。可见,叉车本身的结构、使用的信息、工艺和保护方法直接决定了叉车的耐腐蚀性。
  The main mechanism of metal corrosion is that the original metal is transformed into metal oxide to form rusty, damaged or even irreparable structural parts or components. The aging of paint, rubber, glass fiber and other non-metallic materials, first of all, is induced by the environment, so that the polymer structure is attacked, degraded, dissolved and other physical and chemical changes, resulting in the decline of appearance and function. It can be seen that the structure, information, process and protection method of forklift directly determine the corrosion resistance of forklift.

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